What is a Cooling Tower? - Peterson Mechanical
Bay Area Plumbing & Mechanical Contractor Since 1915

Designed, built, installed, and maintained for energy efficiency and cost-effective cooling, a cooling tower removes heat from large facilities through water circulation and evaporation.

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What is a Cooling Tower?

Cooling towers are a key component of refrigeration systems. Designed, built, installed, and maintained for energy efficiency and cost-effective cooling, a cooling tower removes heat from large facilities through water circulation and evaporation.

For more information on cooling tower service, please contact our mechanical engineers in Contra Costa County and continue reading.

How Does a Cooling Tower Work?

While cooling towers come in a range of configurations, each tower performs the same process.

Hot water enters the cooling tower and spreads over the fill. Heat and a small percentage of water evaporate, exiting through the top of the cooling tower. The remaining cooled water collects in a basin to be used again. The majority of the heat transfer occurs through the evaporation process.

Different Types of Cooling Towers

Since cooling towers are much larger than traditional HVAC systems, they are commonly used in industrial facilities such as power plants, food processing, refineries, and manufacturing.

Depending on the facility’s cooling needs, the type of cooling tower used can vary by:

  • Heat transfer methods like wet, dry, fluid, closed circuit, and open circuit and
  • Airflow process including mechanical, induced, forced, natural, and fan-assisted drafts

At Peterson Mechanical, our Concord HVAC services include cutting-edge digital technology and over 100 years of experience.

Cooling Tower Maintenance

Like all residential and commercial HVAC systems, cooling towers require regular maintenance. Preventative, routine service such as HVAC cleaning helps keep cooling towers running smoothly, reducing the need for cooling tower repair and decreasing operational expenses.

Cooling tower efficiency can be affected by:

  • Scaling or mineral deposits
  • Damage such as corrosion and leaks
  • Relative humidity
  • Outside temperatures
  • Tower design
  • And water contamination.

A planned approach to cooling tower operation helps to improve sustainability, water conservation, and energy efficiency. A proper maintenance plan should include component inspection as well as:

Water Treatment

Test and treat your water regularly to prevent premature system failure. Water treatment improves quality issues while keeping people in the area safe from bacteria that may grow.

Mineral Deposit Removal

When water evaporates, it leaves behind layers of minerals such as calcium, magnesium, chloride, and silica. If left unaddressed, these high mineral concentration levels could cause corrosion or build-up in the cooling tower, reducing the effectiveness and lifespan.

For more information on cooling tower repair and maintenance, contact our mechanical engineering and HVAC team at (707) 938-8481 today.